Tobisovervågning – tobislandinger i 2024

2024.4.18

Tobissæsonen startede i år den 1. april, og de vilkår, der gælder for tobisfiskeriet i 2024, kan læses i bekendtgørelse om straksregulering nr. 15 på Fiskeristyrelsens hjemmeside klik her. 

ICES’ rådgivning for fangst af tobis i hvert forvaltningsområde i 2024 kan læses og downloades fra ICES’ hjemmeside klik her. 

Tobisskrabeturen, som DTU Aqua gennemførte i november-december 2023, viste en relativt ringe tilførsel af yngel til tobisbestanden. Den samlede danske tobis-kvote i 2024 er 158.096, og det svarer til -12,96% i fiskerimuligheder sammenlignet med sidste år.

Tobis Landet i uge 19 – 4014 tons

I alt  (14-19) = 8347 tons

Exploring the ramifications of the potential Doggerbank closure: MIDs article appears in the international aquafeed magazine

2024.1.26

The UK’s proposal to potentially restrict EU fishing access to the Dogger Bank, primarily targeting Sandeel harvesting, is poised to have ripple effects on the EU fishing sector, with implications reaching into the aquafeed and salmon industries. Motivated by a conservation objective for the marine ecosystem, this proposal is expected to significantly strain European aquaculture, exacerbating challenges within the global food security landscape. Our recently published article in the  International aquafeed magazine. Describes the potential closure’s impacts, discusses its relevance for conservation and exploring broader implications for the European feed industry and food security.

The EU’s response to the British consultation on spatial management closures underscores the significance of a science-driven and proportionate approach in Sandeel fisheries management. The existing management framework relies on scientific guidance from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), a key contributor of scientific advice for EU fisheries. This approach has additional support through environmental certifications such as the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and MarinTrust. Both certifications have previously endorsed the Sandeel industry, ensuring environmentally sustainable operations with minimal ecological impact. ICES, MSC, and MarinTrust collectively stress the necessity of precautionary measures in Sandeel fishing, advocating for catch quotas based not only on maximum sustainable yield but also on modeling to protect the broader ecosystem.

For further details, you can access the full article here. 

Advancing Pelagic Science and Sustainable Fisheries: Highlights from the first Danish Pelagic Conference 2023

2023.12.21

On December 18th, the Danish Pelagic Producers Organization successfully hosted its inaugural pelagic conference, an event dedicated to showcasing  advancements in pelagic science, research, and the commitment to achieving 100% documented fisheries in Denmark. The program encompassed a diverse array of engaging lectures, presentations, and discussions, drawing together perspectives from PhD students, gear specialists, NGOs, and eDNA experts united in their mission to advocate for responsible utilization of our ocean resources.

Dr. James Hinchcliffe, our biologist, delivered a presentation focusing on the strategic importance of marine ingredients in aquaculture. Describing his research experiences, he discussed the challenges associated with replacing fishmeal in formulated aquafeeds. The presentation focused on the nutritional richness of fishmeal and how its substitution can introduce limitations in formulation flexibility, posing inherent challenges in producing high-quality feeds for aquatic species. James also discussed the complexities of developing alternative ingredients, drawing from his own experiences. Achieving the delicate balance necessary for optimal growth and health of aquatic organisms, he highlighted the multifaceted challenges which become inherent in this process when you evaluate the characteristic changes that can occur 1 by 1.

Addressing the formidable challenge of fishmeal replacement, Dr. Hinchcliffe advocated for a strategic approach rather than relying on a singular raw material to challenge the “golden standard” set by fishmeal. By tapping into a diverse pool of “imperfect” sources, Dr. Hinchcliffe highlighted the potential to fully realize the strategic value of marine ingredients. This involves leveraging their superior nutritional quality to provide specific nutrients that are challenging to replace, thereby embracing a holistic strategy for the sustainable advancement of feeds in aquaculture.

British Sandeel fishery closures set to impact the aquafeed and salmon industries

2023.9.27

The UK’s proposal to fully close the Dogger Bank to EU fishing for Sandeel is seen to profoundly impact the EU fishing sector, extending to the aquafeed and salmon industries. Apparently driven by a conservation goal for the marine ecosystem, this move is going to contribute towards a significant surge in global fishmeal and fish oil prices amid an existing fishmeal and fish oil shortage that has been exacerbated by the closure of the Peruvian anchovy fisheries. This will significantly strain European aquaculture, intensifying challenges within the global food security landscape.

This article explores the intricate dimensions of this impending closure, assessing its actual relevance for conservation and its broader implications for the European feed industry and food security.

Sandeels, small schooling fish abundant in the North Sea, play an important role as a forage species in the marine ecosystem. They serve as a primary food source for larger fish like cod and haddock, as well as seabirds such as puffins and kittiwakes. Moreover, Sandeels form a crucial link in the marine food web, transferring energy from plankton to higher trophic levels and this underscores the critical need for the sustainable management of this fishery, not only for seabirds but for related fisheries.

For commercial fishing, the Sand eel populations are categorized into 7 management areas. The proposed bans would imply a complete closure of British waters to Sandeel fishing in the management areas 1 and 4 (see map for details). The response from the EU to the British consultation on spatial management closures emphasizes the importance of a science-driven and proportional approach in managing Sandeel fisheries. Regrettably, it seems that EU responses are not taken into consideration even though stakeholders have a proven record of sustainable management of the Sandeel fishery while protecting the marine environment.

The current management system relies on scientific advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), which is considered authoritative for EU fisheries. This approach gains further endorsement through environmental certifications like the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) and MarinTrust, both of which have previously endorsed the Sandeel industry, ensuring environmentally sound operations with minimal ecological impact. ICES, MSC and MarinTrust have all emphasized the importance of precautionary measures in Sandeel fishing, including catch quotas based not only on maximum sustainable yield but also on modeling to safeguard the broader ecosystem.Thus, the fishery already enacts precautionary measures and sets catch quotas to protect Sandeel populations and the wider ecosystem through the extensive use of models, predatory-prey relationships, and historical catch data. Adhering to this advice demonstrates a commitment to responsible and sustainable fishing practices.

While the closure of designated UK waters has a strong sentiment towards the conservation of seabirds, it is vital to strike an objective balance by considering both economic and ecological impacts. Forage fish fisheries may affect prey availability, but the limitations of the available scientific evidence underscore the challenge of fully understanding the effects of fisheries closures on predator demography. For guillemot, razorbill, and puffin for example, A recent study showed there’s actually no clear evidence of negative or positive effects from forage fisheries or their closures.

Historical records demonstrate annual landings of approximately 81,000 tons of Sandeel, a pivotal marine resource for the EU’s primary stakeholder, Denmark, sourced from Area 1, particularly the UK’s Doggerbank region. This underscores the profound historical, socio-economic, and ecological significance of this region and emphasizes the need for a delicate balance to ensure the preservation of both ecological stability and the socio-economic aspects associated with Sandeel fishing.

An overview of Sandeel landings from Denmark, the primary harvester of Sandeel in the EU, between 2015 and 2023 reveals that these landings originated from five out of the seven Sandeel management areas. Area 1 has a historical record of yielding the highest landings and remains a significant contributor to the European Sandeel quota.

The possible upcoming closure of Sandeel fishing in UK areas is poised to have a significant impact on both EU fisheries and European aquaculture production in countries such as Norway, Scotland, and others. Danish Sandeel fishing has historically been pivotal for the global fishmeal market, supporting industries reliant on fish-based products. An abrupt cessation of this practice could disrupt supply chains, impact jobs, and set off a chain reaction affecting local economies. To provide clear context of its expected impact, since 2015, Denmark has landed a significant amount of Sandeel from Areas 1 and 4, totaling 860,000 tons and this averages out to 95,000 tons annually. Area 1 has historically been the most critical for Danish Sandeel landings, constituting about 732,000 tons, 85% of the total Sandeel landings.

The production of fishmeal and fish oil has been significant, forming a cornerstone of the global fishmeal market and supporting various industries. The potential loss of this vital fishmeal production source is highly concerning, particularly due to its unprecedented impact on food security, especially concerning farmed salmon production which has a huge role in the growing demand for sustainable protein.

Fishmeal and fish oil are vital components in aquaculture feeds, Fishmeal and fish oil are essential sources of limited nutrients like methionine and the omega-3 fatty acids, EPA, and DHA. The decline in fishmeal and fish oil availability across Europe due to the closures of British waters to the Sandeel fishery is expected to disrupt the supply chain for farmed salmon, posing a challenge to European and British food security.

Examining the 2023 Sandeel season, it is estimated that the Sandeels landed in areas 1 and 4 will contribute to the production of 33,700 tons of salmon feed which will support the production of approximately 30,600 tons of Atlantic salmon. Additionally, there will be a surplus of 12,750 tons of fishmeal available to be sold and utilized in other food sectors since fish oil is often the limiting ingredient in aquafeeds. To compensate for the high-nutrient density and palatability stimulating characteristics of fishmeal and fish oil ingredients, the aquafeed industry would either need to pay more for the increased price of fishmeal due to the decreased availability in Europe or find additional ingredients to provide these crucial nutrients in the future. An analysis of formulations across various species indicates that plant proteins and oils are now providing the bulk of the nutrients in aquafeeds, while fishmeal and fish oil provide those strategic nutrients that are hard to replace. However, recent studies have shown that this increased use of plant resources worsens the environmental footprint of aquaculture compared to the use of marine ingredients. Furthermore, sustainability concerns arise regarding the consumption of food-grade plant resources like soybean protein and rapeseed oil in aquafeeds. recent studies have shown that this increased use of plant resources worsens the environmental footprint of aquaculture compared to the use of marine ingredients. Furthermore, sustainability concerns arise regarding the consumption of food-grade plant resources like soybean protein and rapeseed oil in aquafeeds. recent studies have shown that this increased use of plant resources worsens the environmental footprint of aquaculture compared to the use of marine ingredients. Furthermore, sustainability concerns arise regarding the consumption of food-grade plant resources like soybean protein and rapeseed oil in aquafeeds.

In conclusion, the UK’s decision to fully close the Dogger Bank to EU Sandeel fishing is a significant conservation measure with far-reaching implications. While prioritizing conservation, this action triggers concerns about potential disruptions in fishmeal supply, essential for aquafeed production and the salmon industry. It underscores the necessity for a science-based, collaborative strategy to balance sustainable Sandeel fishing, mitigate ecological impacts, and maintain adequate prey for the marine food chain, as is in current ICES advice. The historical importance of Danish Sandeel fishing underscores the potential economic ramifications for EU fisheries, with a looming threat to European food security, especially in the context of farmed salmon supply.

 

 

 

 

MID submits PFAS data to EFSA

2023.8.31

We are pleased to announce that EFFOP (European fishmeal and fish oil producers) has successfully submitted a comprehensive dataset profiling Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) in fishmeal to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

In direct response to EFSA’s “Call for continuous collection of chemical contaminants occurrence data in food and feed,” EFFOP has shared a robust dataset comprising data from 175 distinct fishmeal batches. We have engaged proactively with journalists, policy makers, scientists, and the public, fostering a comprehensive understanding of the implications surrounding PFAS contamination.

The significance of EFSA’s role in upholding food and feed safety cannot be overstated. The dataset shared by EFFOP will be a foundational resource for well-informed risk assessments, laying the groundwork for prudent risk management strategies concerning future PFAS levels in feed. Notably, EFFOP’s investigation stands as the most extensive of its kind to date in monitoring PFAS levels within fishmeal. This is particularly vital due to the dearth of comprehensive data, especially within the European context.

In essence, the data underscores that PFAS levels within European fishmeal exhibit strong context-specific variation, influenced by factors such as species and spatial-temporal dynamics. Noteworthy is the calculated average across the 175 samples, which stands at 4.6 ng/g, comfortably within the EU limit of 8 ng/g applicable to most marine fish species.

This data submission marks a significant stride forward in our ongoing efforts to comprehensively understand and mitigate the impact of PFAS in fishmeal. Through collective and diligent endeavours, we are actively shaping a more informed and responsible approach to addressing this challenge. As an additional quality parameter, PFAS levels are now routinely assessed for each fishmeal batch by producers and are available upon customer request.

For further information or inquiries, please do not hesitate to reach out to MID at Mid@maring.org 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Addressing concerns of overfishing in the Baltic herring supply chain: toward enhanced technical transparency

2023.6.12

In response to public concerns that have emerged regarding the Baltic herring supply chain, representatives from leading fishmeal producers FFSkagen and TripleNine Group are actively working to provide clear and specific information to address these apprehensions. The aim of this article is to delve into the technical intricacies of the supply chain, to remove ambiguity and promote transparency in every aspect.

Recognizing the need for accurate information, we want to assure stakeholders that our commitment to sustainable and judicious resource management remains unwavering. Contrary to misconceptions, the fishmeal and oil production industry adheres to stringent regulations and responsible practices. One crucial aspect to consider is the complexity of the supply chain itself. Fishmeal production involves a meticulous process that is tailored to meet individual customer specifications. Each batch of fishmeal is customized, ensuring the highest quality and meeting the unique requirements of the customer. This customization extends to multiple specifications for the same customer, further illustrating the complexity of these operations.

It is important to note that fishmeal from the Baltic Sea is widely recognized as a high-quality product. However, the factories must contend with potential contaminants such as dioxin and PFAS that have been found in the Baltic. Under normal circumstances in a sustainability perspective, prioritizing the inclusion of a product in the human food supply chain rather than the feed supply chain is considered more judicious. Due to the generalized conditions of the Baltic Sea mentioned above, fish sourced specifically for fishmeal and fish oil production are not deemed safe for large-scale human consumption. To ensure consumer safety of the feed product, rigorous testing and quality control measures are implemented to safeguard against elevated levels of these substances, this includes the removal of dioxin which is not possible to perform on a food grade product without intensive processing. This method has been utilized by the fishmeal sector for a number of years and has contributed to the active removal of dioxins we see in the Baltic sea today, since removed dioxins are sent for destruction. These precautions reflect our commitment to delivering safe and reliable products to the market.

Addressing the interest surrounding the percentage of raw materials produced from the Baltic Sea that ultimately are designated toward Norwegian salmon feed, there are some technical challenges in providing a precise figure due to the customized nature of fishmeal production. Rather than providing potentially misleading information, the fishmeal producers offer a broader understanding of where fishmeal utilizing Baltic Sea raw materials is generally employed. That is by analyzing the quantity of fishmeal produced from the raw materials received. By comparing this data against established quotas and catches, one can objectively assess the actual volume of Baltic fish harvested for fishmeal production. In this regard, MID have generated a dataset that highlights the contribution of Baltic sprat and herring to Danish fishmeal production. This dataset, certified by Marin Trust or MSC, demonstrates our commitment to transparency and provides a tangible reference point for further analysis.

It is important to emphasize that the quantity of fishmeal utilized in feeds can vary due to a range of factors, including species, life stage, and specific customer requirements. This variability underscores the dynamic nature of the industry and the need for careful evaluation on a case-by-case basis.

While we acknowledge the limitations in differentiating sales to specific aquaculture or agriculture customers within Europe, we remain open to further discussions and collaborations aimed at enhancing transparency in the Baltic herring supply chain. We believe that through open dialogue, cooperation, and shared goals, we can collectively work towards greater transparency and responsible resource management in this vital industry